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Natural Monuments

The Pirate's cave - The Pirate's Cave is an interesting natural cave made famous by the book written by Peter Mark and the movie of the same title. It is situated on the hill where the monastery of St. Theodorus stands. Located in perpendicular rocks, in very deep waters, with a unique and very particular sea view, it's one of most valuable tourist attraction, that bring you back to the medieval times. According to legend, the cave once provided a haven for pirates and their ships. It can be reached both from sea and land.

beach cave (spilia) - North of Chimara, in a beach between Jali and Gjipe is another extraordinary cave just by the sea side. The place is amazing and the sandy beach, often absolutely deserted, is a paradise for a swim. This interesting cave is quite big and according to legend once provided a natural shelter for pirates and sea travellers since antiquity. It can only be accessed by sea.

chimara’s cave – spilea - The cave of SPILEA (Greek Σπήλαια = Caves), the myth places here the famous cave of Polyphemus in Homer's Odyssey. It is the largest of a series of caves and justifies excellently the name of the eponymous bay and the downtown area. They are located at the base of a low cliff 100 meters from the present day shoreline of Spilea.

The cave extends to a depth of over 30 meters with an irregular entrance 8 m wide and 7 m high, 3,6 m above the present-day sea level and has formed as a result of karstic processes. The limestone beds forming the cave walls are tectonically deformed, and there is a large fissure in the roof. There are also several well developed stalactites towards the rear of the cave. The investigations revealed stratified evidence of prehistoric

activity dating from the mid-Holocene, sea-level transgressive maxima, and that existing deposits accumulated within the cave would have been flushed out by the rising sea. This is unfortunate since evidence of Upper Palaeolithic exploitation of the coastal plains, may have been lost. a largely unbroken sequence of deposits and the sedimentological examination inside records prehistoric human activity from the Mesolithic era, 8000 BC. The areas around the caves were also inhabited during this period, which is evidenced by ceramics, pottery and tombstones. The use of the cave was constant in all prehistoric and historic periods with more intense human activity from the Early Bronze Age. The cave was inhabited up to the Iron Age, during the historical period, Hellenistic Period, Roman, even until the Middle Ages.

The site findings from all these periods are unique. Stands out the prehistoric microliths and numerous flakes of flint and jasper, blades, scrapers, combination tools, etc. The Bronze Age ceramics at Spilea excavations definitely show a predominance of local fabrics and shares influences and similarity with Dodona’s ceramic. A number of high quality ceramics dating to the fifth century BC were recovered, including numerous Hellenistic skyphos, kotylai, kylikes, amphoraes, kraters and other finewares mainly Corinthian vernice nera (black slip ware).

the canyon of gjipe - The Canyon of Gjipe, an amazing monument of nature, visited from thousand passionate of nature and extreme sports. It’s situated in the lower part of the Gjipe Brook, between Vuno and Ilias. The canyon starts with the waterfall Petasma and has a length of 4 km, 75m maximum height, 10-20m wide. The narrow strait created by the activity of the brook is ideal for trekking, canyoning and rock climbing. The scenery is amazing and many sports fans use this canyon to exercise their favorite sports and experience strong emotions. Just nearby, hidden inside the narrow neck of the canyon, is the beautiful and unspoiled beach of Gjipea, with a clean and fine sand, small beach caves and a scenic rocky shore. It can be reached both from sea and land.

cave of gramata - The beautiful Grammata harbour and the cave with the same name, is a must for the cultural tourists, as it represent a real treasured outdoor museum. The Grammata's Cave in ancient times served as a temple of Dioscuri and the rocky walls of the cave are covered with greek inscriptions dedicated to them. The noiseless location and the numerous underwater sea caves of the nearby area make it one of the most attractive locations for divers and sea lovers. The bay is also known for the very deep blue waters with rocky shores and cliffs. Access is possible only by sea.

cave of porto palermo - The Cave of Porto Palermo is situated at the northern end of the bay, near the former submarine base that is still under the auspices of the military. Also a karstic cave created out of limestone, it measures only a few meters in each direction. The entrance is heavily damaged and there have been no formal excavations or exploration of the history of the cave. It is primarily noted for its scenic and tourist values as for the surrounding idyllic beaches. It also is a very interesting destination for sea exploration and diving.